In doped ZnS Thin FilmsFrom 2014 to 2018 the number of “thin films” scientific publications have raised by almost 75%. More than 140.200 publications related to thin films from the main scientific journals (Nature, Elsevier, Springer, Taylor & Francis, and Wiley) have been examined to deem its main study topics. *

New material characterization and manufacturing” is the principal research topic representing 44% of the scientific literature analyzed related to thin films. This topic includes changes in thin film properties relative to electronics, optics, magnetism, and mechanics.

The next research topic with high presence is “solar cells characterization“, representing 17% of all literature analyzed. For those characterizations, they analyse layers or multilayers of different films deposited by PVD sputtering techniques, like perovskite/CIGS (multilayer film made of copper, indium, gallium, and selenide), layers doped with plasmons or kesterite/CZTSSe (multilayer film made of copper, zinc, tin and selenide/sulfur-selenium,).

The third research topic is the use of “electronic and conductivity properties” to achieve faster and reliable electric devices, with the 16% of the articles. It’s important to remark the fact that almost 20% of those studies are about superconductive layers.
Using the same methodology with Spanish and Portuguese publications, 600 thin film articles have been counted and analyzed from the same journals and CSIC publications to compare the principal topics and research lines with the global average, within the same period. The principal ranking topics remain the same, but there are some differences in the subtopic of “solar cell characterization“.

The main differences appear in solar cells characterization. The principal layers used in this case are kesterite layers and in a smaller proportion, perovskite layers. Those layers are in primary research phases but, it seems that in Spain and Portugal it’s taking more and more strength.

* image credit: © Belen Sotillo, Corazón laminado, In doped ZnS, nanostructures, obtained by physical vapor deposition of ZnS / In2S3 powders. Photo courtesy of SOCIEMAT


For more information download the full report by filling the online form

Download the PhotonExport THIN FILMS SCIENTIFIC TRENDS 2018 by filling the online form.

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A refurnished geophysical science laboratory in a wide Midwetern Research University is now equipped with a new FIB/FESM, and searches to maximize the use and results from their new machine.

As most of their applications are related to earth science study, they regularly coat and polished sections of rocks and meteorites who generally have tiny, sometimes submicron grains.

Geologists generally prepare samples for microanalysis, by coating them with gold or carbon (Gold, for secondary ion mass spectrometry as it is mono-isotopic with a low ionization yield; carbon minimizes overlap in x-ray microanalysis), also other sample metals are prepared. Nevertheless, it remains of critical and particular importance for the geologist’s ´ laboratory to reduce hydrocarbon background during coating, as hydrocarbon background can cause overlaps when coated specimens are analyzed with secondary ion mass spectrometry.

The geology Laboratory had made a long-standing use of a 30-year-old diffusion-pump bell-jar type carbon coater and regularly numerous instances of hydrocarbon background-induced overlaps are encountered.

To reduce this hydrocarbon background in spectroscopy, sample preparation with Denton Vacuum Desk V TSC, recommended by, with its turbo molecular pumping package will have a crucial role.

Due to hydrocarbons backstreaming from the oil present both in any diffusion pump and also in rock sample, significant hydrocarbon background peaks are often occurred observed in spectroscopy..

A large variety of high vacuum applications uses turbomolecular pumps specially the ones demanding clean and truly oil-free vacuum.

The single-ended, turbomolecular pump is often used to replace a same size diffusion pump in existing systems.

Besides the absence of oil on the backing-vacuum side, which will contribute to significant hydrocarbon background reduction when performing the SEM sample preparation, a turbomolecular pump provides more facility for maintenance and wear.

The following points are Desk V TSC characteristics:

  • Hydrocarbon-free sample preparation
  • 70 l/s turbo molecular pump
  • Full range high vacuum gauge
  • Capable of sputtering all metals
  • Provides finer grained films
  • Enhanced touchpad with graphics capability
  • Manual or automatic timed sputtering or etching
  • Choice of adjustable current control to permit either high or low rate sputtering to achieve finer grain structure
  • Sample specimen protection from damage via Denton’s patented anode grid which, in conjunction with the magnetron sputter head to collect stray electrons, prevents them from bombarding/heating the simple



Watch this video to see how the Desk V works.

SPUTTERING TARGETS PROMOTION 2018Aluminium Chromium Sputtering Target


Precious Metals, Oxides, Alloys

Brittle Ceramics by Hot Isostatic Pressing

(*) for Suttering Targets up to 1500 eur/pc. Same target specification. Valid until 28 Feb 2018


We are pleased to inform that our company has reached an agreement for partnership with the company Colnatec.



PhotonExport and Colnatec will be closely working on quartz thin-films monitors’ equipment.

Some of the products we will offer are:





You can check them on our page.


Colnatec is a company launched in 2009, aiming in establishing new industries standards in design, development, and manufacturing of innovative, high-performance sensors and electronic instrumentation used in many areas:


  • Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD)
  • Solar cell manufacturing (CIGS)
  • Mobile display (OLED)
  • Optical Coatings (PVD)
  • Food packaging (R2R)
  • High speed electrical devices (MBE)
  • Architectural glass (In-Line)
  • Semiconductor wafer processing (CVD)


The company also holds various patents, receiving the Department of Energy SBIR Phase I and II awards for a self-cleaning process control sensor to be used in manufacturing CIGS solar cells. Colnatec is also one of about eight winners of the Arizona Commerce Authority Innovation Challenge Grant Program for promoting innovation in the technology sector.

On the occasion of the World Materials Day, one of our partners, SOCIEMAT, will be organizing with the support of the Institute of Ceramics and Glass – CSIC, a conference, in which two talks will be presented by renowned experts and a series of activities related to the awards granted by our partner, Sociemat.


DIa mundilal de materiales


World Materials Day has been celebrated for several years by member societies of FEMS and its objective is to highlight the importance of Materials in our daily life. We hope you find the program attractive and can attend the event.


When: Wednesday, November 8, 2017 ICV CSV C / Kelsen Assembly Hall 5. Cantoblanco, Campus28049, Madrid.

Language: Spanish

Free entry.

More information can be found on their website:

You can download the agenda here:  World Materials Day (73 downloads) .


PS. Due to ISO9001 certification audit with Bureau Veritas our usual fast feedback to your queries could be affected on the 6,7 and 8 November.

PhotonExport has signed with the american company, Denton Vacuum, in Munich, a distribution contract for Spain and Portugal  for its PVD and sputtering equipment for electronic microscopy sample preparation. We are proud to he partner of an historical player of Physical Vapor Deposition Systems with more than 50 years expertise in PVD and coatings.

The following systems are now in our offer:


  • A sputtering system that can be equipped for carbon evaporation
  • The DESK V HP is the global standard for electron microscopy sample preparation


  • Versatile full-range low-voltage (resistive) thermal evaporation platform
  • Can be configured for high resolution electron microscopy sample preparation

DV-502 »

  • Thermal Evaporation, DC & RF Sputtering
  • High-vacuum gate improves cycle times increasing throughput
  • Accommodate larger sample sizes

  • Barcelona: No to terror and fear

Yesterday the terrorist attack in Barcelona, at 200 m from our main office and 30 kms from our warehouse, caused several casualties. We express our condolences to the victims. We will carry on with our normal working and personal life without giving in to terror and fear.

Here you can see the events of Photonics and Lasers that will be celebrated during 2017.


During 2017, the following congresses and exhibitions related to Thin Films, Vacuum Processes and New Materials will be held around the world.
Here you will find all the information corresponding to every congresses and exhibitions.

MWC2017 graphene
MWC2017 graphene

Graphene at the MWC 2017

The Mobile World Congress (MWC) is an annual event held in Barcelona, which brings together

thousands of device manufacturers, vendors, mobile operators, technology providers and tech

enthusiasts from all over the world. It is world’s largest gathering for the mobile industry, this year

event took place from 27 th February to 2 nd February in Fira Gran Via and we could not miss it.

This year main theme was “THE NEXT ELEMENT”. As always, there were new phones announced,

we could also see a flood of Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) devices,

announcement and presentation of revolutionary 5G technology, new Nokia 3310 and even

smarter cars. But we find the “NEXT ELEMENT” to be carbon, in particular – graphene.

During last day of the conference there was an all-day- long workshop dedicated to the material re-

invented in 2004 by two professors of University of Manchester (2010 Nobel Prize winners in

Physics). And what’s interesting, one of the speakers was a member of the winning duet,

Konstantin Novoselov.

Mr. Novoselov presented history of the discovery, unique properties of the material together with

other mono-layer materials and its applications. He has also introduced graphene mass production


– chemical vapor deposition (CVD) applicable for photonics, electronics and coatings,

– growth on silicon carbide(SiC) for electronics and RF transistors,

– liquid phase exfoliation for coatings, composited, energy and biological applications,

– molecular assembly for nano-electronics,

– mechanical exfoliation for research and prototyping (interestingly, might be done with

scotch tape).

Other speakers gave insights on successful implementations of graphene and its future

applications in photonic devices for telecom and datacom, high-speed data link, wearables,

flexible printed electronics, various sensors and many others. The workshop session ended with

discussion panel and group discussion.

Norbert Filip – Photon Export attendee at MWC2017 Graphene presentation.