Press Release: Plasma Technical Workshop
PhotonExport in collaboration with Plasma-Therm and the International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL) announce an upcoming Plasma Technical Workshop to be held on Wednesday, 8 March 2023. The event will take place from 9:00am to 6:30pm at the International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory in Braga, Portugal and focus on the fundamentals of plasma etching and deposition.
Rapid Thermal Processing(RTP): Pulse Mode
Rapid thermal processing, a major technique in semiconductor production, enables for faster processing of the silicon wafer by the use of high intensity lamps or lasers.
PhotonExport at Riva 2022 XII Iberian Vacuum and Applications Conference
The Riva 2022 of ASEVA (Spanish Vacuum Society) and SOPORVAC (Portuguese Vacuum) Society (SOPORVAC) that will be organized on May 16 and 17 in the city of Braga in Portugal.
Atomic layer deposition (ALD): Basics
ALD is a special adaptation of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique pioneering in semiconductor production and suitable for manufacturing inorganic material layers with a thickness down to a fraction of monolayers A. M. Shevjakov Atomic layer deposition (ALD) has gained a lot of attention as a thin film deposition method, as it is uniquely suitable … Read more
The impact of Ukrainian invasion on raw materials: will fluctuations in the price of gold impact the scientific research thin films applications?
The Russian invasion of Ukraine is obviously bringing tensions in the energy market due to the well-known role of gas metals such as gold and pipelines from Russia crossing Ukraine. Agriculture products such as Ukrainian and Russian wheat, sunflower, and corn are expected to see an increase in price due to loading problems in the … Read more
Perovskite solar cells (PSC): Efficiency
There are many types of perovskite mineral, however the most commonly used type of perovskite in the solar energy industry is methylammonium lead halide perovskite (CH3NH3PbX3, X5I, Cl, Br). It is characterized by high light absorption coefficient, which covers the highest energy band of solar spectrum (from 280 nm to 2000 nm). Perovskites are semiconductors … Read more
Hydrophilic or hydrophobic ? behind the anti-fog
Hydrophobic or hydrophilic It is not an exaggeration to consider fog formation as a worldwide problem that must be solved. The NASA astronauts came across this issue years ago in their firsts space missions but any common person can deal with this problem while driving his car on a rainy day. A common problem The … Read more