Hydrophilic or hydrophobic? Understanding the keys behind the anti-fog

A common problem It is not an exaggeration to consider fog formation as a worldwide problem that must be solved. The NASA astronauts came across this issue years ago in their firsts space missions but any common person can deal with this problem while driving his car on a rainy day. The physical explanation for this phenomenon is based on the thermodynamics laws and the light-matter interaction. When an amount of water in vapour state contacts with a col

Anti-fog Coatings: Escaping from fog formation

The fog problem The fog formation can be explained by physicists as the condensation that takes place due to the temperature difference between the environment and the surface. You can imagine an analogous situation when clouds that carry water vapour enter a cold area and while they lose some thermal energy, it starts to rain. The formation of little water droplets can be quite annoying if it spoils the transparency of certain surfaces. Who hasn’t seen a

Scanning Electron Microscopy: sample preparation secrets

  Scanning Electron Microscopy: Sample preparation secrets: How hydrocarbon background overlap is prevented during secondary ion mass spectrometry on rocks?   A refurbished geophysical science laboratory in a wide Midwestern Research University is now equipped with a new Focus Ion Beam Fiels Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FIB-FESEM) and searches to maximize the use and results from their new machine.As most of their applications are ...

Coatings and the importance of Antibacterial surfaces 

Coatings and the importance of Antibacterial surfaces and wiping door know with antibacterial for killing coronavirus  Antibacterial surfaces contain antimicrobial agents who destroy bacteria or their ability to reproduce. Same antibacterial properties will help destroy virus. Despite considerable efforts the problem related to infection persits. Today widespread need of antivirus protection and general surfaces disinfection is in all agendas as we have

How scientific and industry exhibitions adapt to COVID-19 ? 

Nanotechnology, Evaporation Materials, Thin films and others Exhibitions: How do the technology industry fairs adapt to COVID-19 ?  As the tally of events cancellations develop because due to the COVID-19 crisis, organizations are being tested to respond rapidly to guarantee business continuity. Photon Export specialist  in coating services, Optics and Thin films planned to attend like every year to several exhibitions, conferences or congress in order to

Eye glasses Fairs & Exhibitions dates

Eye glasses Fairs &  Exhibitions dates
COVID 2019 affected too many lives. Quarantine, an old time pandemic remedy is proven today that it is the most effective temporary solution to prevent virus spread until the discovery of a proven vaccination. One of the colossal impacts was the cancellation of several exhibitions. PhotonExport attends eyeglass exhibition in mainland Europe and South America to promote its vacuum materials for purpose of vacuum coating of ophthalmic glasses:  see our pr

Promotion 2018 New Year

Promotion 2018 New Year
SPUTTERING TARGETS PROMOTION 2018 New Year  GET 50% OFF ON THE SECOND TARGET (*) Precious Metals, Oxides, Alloys Brittle Ceramics by Hot Isostatic Pressing (*) for Suttering Targets up to 1500 eur/pc. Same target specification. Valid until 28 Feb 2018   Fill your quotation request...

Substrates Soda Lime or Borosilicate Glass Wafers and Crystals

Substrates Soda Lime or Borosilicate Glass  Wafers and Crystals
Technical Glass Substrates, Silicon Wafer & Crystals Soda lime glass or silica sand based standard glass represents 90% of glass offering. To form borosilicate glass we need to add boric acid (B2O3), alumina and soda ash to the silica melt. Low thermal expansion (3,3 × 10−6 K−1 ) is the main property of Borosilicate glass According to the SiO2 content and alkaline earth content there are three groups of borosilicate glass. The Non-alkaline-earth boros

Vacuum Evaporation Materials

Vacuum Evaporation Materials
Evaporation Materials for Physical vapor deposition PhotonExport high purity metals, oxides, rare earths and compounds are processed, refined and purified from raw material to achieve science requirements and  technological applications highest standards.  Clean-room facilities, muffle or tube furnaces and precision characterization equipment ensure grades for semiconductor, electronic, deposition, fiber optic, and MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy) are met (up

Sputtering Target: use and manufacturing process

Sputtering Target: use and manufacturing process
Sputtering Targets: use & manufacturing process Sputtering is a physical vapor deposition (PVD) process to form thin films. Thickness of layer formed varies from a few nano-meters up to several microns. Sputtering PVD consist of collisions of ions in vacuum and a plasma environment under strong magnetic field in order to extract atoms from the target and gradually grow a thin film over the desired substrate. Scientific researchers generally use small

Non-ferrous metal market overview for 2019 and forecast for 2020: The impact on your sputtering target purchases

Non-ferrous metal market overview for 2019 and forecast for 2020: The impact on your sputtering target purchases
Nickel, Aluminium, Zinc, Cobalt, Lithium, Copper, Tungsten, Chromium, Titanium for sputtering Targets Non-ferrous metal market overview for 2019 and forecast for 2020: The impact on your sputtering target purchases Nickel: In 2020, Indonesia will probably overtake China as the world´s largest producer of nickel pig iron (NPI), a raw material for stainless steel production. Effective January 2020, the largest nickel ore producers will cease exports fr